Monterey, California is rich in history and culture, and its architecture is no exception. As you walk through the streets of Monterey, you are surrounded by beautifully preserved architecture, each with their unique style and story. The diverse collection of buildings in Monterey showcases the different eras of this coastal city and provides a glimpse of the region’s distinctive architecture.
Here at Wynkoop Architecture, we specialize in Monterey Architecture. Our passion for preserving the city's architectural heritage inspired us to dive deeper into the various styles that have shaped Monterey's built environment over the years. In this article, we will explore some of the most notable and noteworthy styles of architecture in Monterey best.
The Monterey Architecture Style captures the essence of California's history, with its blend of Spanish, Mexican, and American architectural traditions. The Monterey Style was born in Monterey during the Spanish colonial era, which lasted from 1770 to 1821. The Spanish colonizers built homes using adobe bricks, which were made from clay and straw. Adobe bricks were ideal for the region since they provided excellent insulation from the hot sun, and they were readily available from local sources.
The Monterey Style is characterized by a low-pitched, gabled roof, supported by wooden or wrought-iron brackets. The roof is typically covered with red clay tiles or shingles, and the homes feature thick adobe walls. The exterior of the house is usually painted in a soft, earthy color, with white-trimmed doors, windows, and shutters.
One of the most prominent examples of Monterey Architecture in California is the Stevenson House. Built in 1833, the Stevenson House served as the home for Robert Louis Stevenson, the author of the classic novel, Treasure Island. The house is restored to the period of the writer's residency, and it features a beautiful courtyard garden entrance, adobe-brick walls, and clay-tile roofing.
Monterey also has a rich tradition of colonial architecture. The Monterey Colonial Style is a fusion of Spanish and New England styles that emerged during the early 20th century. This style blends the simple, clean lines of New England colonial homes with the decorative details and warm earth tones of traditional Spanish homes.
The Monterey Colonial-style house has a symmetrical facade, with a central entrance and evenly distributed windows on both sides. The roof is steeply pitched and covered in wood shingles or clay tiles. The homes also have a covered veranda, which wraps around the front and sides of the house. These homes are typically painted white or a pale color, which accentuates their clean, classic features.
One notable example of Monterey Colonial-style architecture is the Pacific House in Old Monterey. This beautiful home features a classic white facade with beautiful wood detailing and a red tile roof. The house also has a large enclosed veranda, which provides beautiful views of the surrounding scenery.
The Monterey Revival Style emerged in the 1920s as a reaction to the increasing popularity of the Spanish Colonial Revival style. The Monterey Revival Style aimed to recapture the essence of the original Monterey Style while incorporating elements from other time periods, such as the Victorian era.
The Monterey Revival houses feature a distinct blend of styles, combining the low-pitched, gabled roof of the original Monterey Style with the decorative elements of Victorian homes.
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The homes have a symmetrical facade, with a central entrance and evenly spaced windows on both sides. These homes are typically painted in soft, pastel colors, which complement the ornate wood detailing and delicate ironwork.
One of the best examples of Monterey Revival-style architecture in Monterey is the Hotel del Monte. Built-in 1926, this beautiful hotel features a classic Monterey facade, with a center entrance and symmetrical windows on both sides. The hotel has a beautiful clay-tile roof, adorned with elegant wrought-iron railings and decorative wood details.
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The Monterey Style Architecture is a continuation of the original Monterey Style, which emerged during the Spanish colonial era. This style is characterized by the use of adobe, the low-pitched, gabled roof, and the wooden or wrought-iron brackets. Monterey Style Architecture emphasizes simplicity, with clean lines and minimal ornamentation.
Homes in the Monterey Style Architecture typically have a one-story, three-room layout, which consists of a living room, bedroom, and kitchen. These homes also have a central courtyard, which provides a cozy outdoor space for relaxation and entertainment. The walls of the house are usually stuccoed or painted in a neutral, earthy color, which creates a warm and inviting atmosphere.
One of the most iconic examples of Monterey Style Architecture in Monterey is the Cooper-Molera Adobe. This beautiful adobe was built in 1827 for the merchant John Cooper and his family. The adobe features a traditional courtyard garden entrance, adobe-brick walls, and clay-tile roofing. It also has an inviting veranda that offers excellent views of the surrounding scenery.
Monterey is home to many beautiful examples of historic architecture, from the classic Monterey Colonial Style to the modern Monterey Revival Style. The city's rich history and unique blend of styles make it a great place to explore the architectural heritage of California. Whether you're looking for an example of classic Spanish Colonial design or a modern take on Monterey architecture, there's something here for everyone to admire.